What is ADHD?
ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that usually affects children. Children with ADHD have trouble with concentration, paying attention, self-control and finishing tasks. One thing that is common among patients of ADHD is being overactive or hyperactive. Most of the children with ADHD are constantly doing something, like running, jumping and even fighting.
How Long Does ADHD Last?
If a child suffers from ADHD during their early childhood there are chances it will go away by the teenage years. Yet the situation can be worse for older children above the age of 12 as ADHD for them can last for years, and there are high chances that they might have it during their adulthood.
What Causes ADHD?
Researchers have been working for decades to determine what causes ADHD. There are many different theories related to ADHD but none has proven to be true to date. As a result of this most of the researchers and health professionals believe that genetics plays a huge role as a cause of ADHD. Yet genetics alone cannot be responsible, there are many other factors such as diet, environment, brain injury or exposure to toxic chemicals.
What Are Signs & Symptoms of ADHD?
Almost every child has a hard time learning things, paying attention, sitting still, listening to their parents or studying. Many new parents sometimes think that their child might be showing symptoms of ADHD, but in reality, it’s just how kids actually behave.
So here are some symptoms, signs and behavior that will help you in determining if your child has ADHD.
- Having a hard time getting along with other children or adults.
- Having trouble waiting for their turn to do something.
- No control over temptation, if they want to do/get something they just do/get it.
- Not thinking about the consequences of their activities/behavior.
- Keep on talking and usually talking fast all the time.
- Forgetting things and losing their stuff.
- Daydreaming and explaining these dreams or ideas all the time.
- Running, jumping or doing some sort of activity all the time, even if not required.
- Trouble concentrating on books and reading.
- Not finishing tasks and moving on to the next things without completing any.
These side effects are usually noticed by parents and teachers. So if parents have any doubts they need to discuss it with the teacher to get an insight on the child’s behavior and activities at school.
How Is ADHD Diagnosed?
Note: If you have doubts that your child is suffering from ADHD, please don’t diagnose it all by yourself. Make an appointment with a doctor to get a complete diagnosis.
ADHD is initially diagnosed in children by GP (General Physicians). If they are unable to complete the diagnosis, they may refer the patient to a psychologist or a psychiatrist who perform further evaluation in order to determine if a child has ADHD.
In most of the cases, the diagnosis starts with a discussion related to a child’s health, behavior, and activities. To get a full insight in some cases a child’s teacher can be a great help. There are many different checklists that specialists use to diagnose and you might need to complete one to assist with the diagnosis.
Usually, doctors need to determine that some other health problem isn’t causing the signs and symptoms that a child has. The complete diagnosis can take from a week to a month while the child’s behavior is being monitored. Once it has been fully diagnosed doctors chose one suitable treatment of the many treatment options available that suits a patient.
How Is ADHD Treated?
There are two different options for ADHD treatment. It can be either treated with medication or therapy but in some cases, patients might need both. No matter what the case is, there is no treatment that can fully cure ADHD. These treatments just help with the proper management of ADHD and its symptoms.
Treating ADHD With Medicine
There are many different medications that are known to assist with ADHD management. These medications are usually CNS (Central Nervous System) Stimulants, which suppress the activity of neurotransmitters in the brain. As a result of this, the patient feels relaxed. Within a short period of time, the brain develops the ability to stay attentive, concentrated and focused. Common medications for ADHD include Adderall, Vyvanse, and Ritalin.
Treating ADHD With Therapy
Therapy is the safest option for treating ADHD. It not only helps the child but also helps the parents to cope with their child’s behavior. There are many therapists all over the US who specialize in helping kids suffering from ADHD. These therapists help develop a patient’s social, emotional and planning skills that help with their daily lives. While parent coaching is really helpful for parents as they will learn the best solutions and responses to the problems of a child with ADHD.
Does ADHD Affect Adults?
There are many known cases in which a patient with ADHD suffered from the symptoms in their adulthood. The problem with adults suffering from ADHD is that their symptoms are more subtle. For such patients, life is a real struggle and keep up with the world a big challenge. The main problem with ADHD in adults is that it is sometimes wrongly identified as anxiety, depression or substance abuse. It is always a good idea to consult a health professional to get a complete diagnosis.