What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is a body’s natural response when in stress, facing a problem or a challenging situation. Anxiety is felt by almost everyone and it is quite normal. If a patient is constantly anxious, afraid or worried all the time for simple things than it is an anxiety disorder. In most cases, patients have the fear of things that haven’t happened or can happen in the future.
What Are Common Types of Anxiety Disorder?
There are many different types of anxiety disorders. In many cases, people suffering from one type of anxiety disorder are prone to suffer from another disorder too. The common type of anxiety disorders that are common in the US is listed below.
Also known as Panic Attacks. Patients suffering from it suddenly and randomly develop extreme fear. Patients get terrified to such an extent that they are unable to think about anything else, they are shut down from the rest of the world due to this. It feels like a heart attack for many people. Commonly people experience excessive sweating, pain in chest and strong irregular heartbeats.
Social Anxiety Disorder
It is becoming common nowadays. People suffering from social anxiety order are usually afraid that people will judge them and think negatively about the. Some patients are afraid of getting embarrassed while interacting with anyone else. As a result of this patients stop interacting with others and shut themselves in loneliness.
GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder)
This is the most common type of disorder and a huge majority of Americans suffer from it. It is the excessive, unrealistic, fear, worry and tension about really ordinary things. People can suffer from both short-term GAD (1-4 Weeks) and long-term GAD which can last for months and requires proper treatment.
There are many different types of Phobias that are considered to be anxiety. Phobia is the fear of certain things or situations. People suffer from fears/phobias of Height, Flying, Insects and many other such simple things that might seem normal to others. This fear is so intense that many people fully eradicated such things from their lives or stay away from them.
What Causes Anxiety?
Researchers are unable to find the root cause of Anxiety in the human body. There are many different factors that contribute to causing anxiety. Researchers claim that genetics are responsible for anxiety in many people. Apart from that certain situations and environmental conditions can unbalance the chemicals in the brain which results in anxiety.
What Are Signs & Symptoms of Anxiety?
Signs and symptoms of anxiety differ from person to person. Some people experience milder symptoms such as butterflies in their stomach or goosebumps. While others might suffer from increased heart rate or difficulty breathing. Some people are unable to feel their bodies and keep proper control of their bodies as a result of which they might start trembling or experience muscle tics. Some people have a hard time falling asleep or they might have a nightmare again and again. In most of cases patients are afraid and worried about living a normal life.
These are some of the common symptoms and signs, a patient should always consult a health professional to get fully diagnosed.
How Is Anxiety Diagnosed?
Note: If you have doubts that you are suffering from Anxiety, please don’t diagnose it on your own. Make an appointment with a doctor to get a complete diagnosis.
Diagnosis for Anxiety starts with a detailed analysis of a patient’s medical history. After that doctors usually perform different medical tests to see if a patient is suffering from any other health conditions that might be causing the symptoms a patient has.
There is no specific medical test that can determine if someone is suffering from anxiety. Doctors might ask a patient to fill in some questionnaires and even meet a therapist so that they could have a complete insight.
There are many patients who don’t even know or consider that they might be suffering from an anxiety disorder. In such cases, the responsibility falls on people around them to check for symptoms and get these patients diagnosed and treated.
How Is Anxiety Treated?
Anxiety treatment is pretty simple. It can take some time to get fully treated but the good news is that treatment is available and people need to get treated as soon as possible if they are suffering from anxiety.
Treating Anxiety With Medicine
There are many different medications that can be used for treating anxiety. It is best that a patient leaves the selection of medication to their doctor. Doctors will analyze their medical history and current health before prescribing a medication that suits a patient. Anxiety medications range from anxiolytic drugs such as Xanax, Valium, and Klonopin to antidepressants such as Prozac, Lexapro, and Zoloft.
Treating Anxiety With Therapy
Talk Therapy which is medically known as Psychotherapy is really beneficial in anxiety management. There are many specialists’ help patients understand their situation and guide them on how to improve the situation. They usually build patients’ confidence that in return helps them manage anxiety and live normally. Specialists also provide Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in which they help patients understand and help make lifestyle changes related to things that are responsible for causing anxiety.
How To Manage Symptoms of Anxiety?
Managing symptoms of anxiety is really simple. The first recommendation for anyone suffering from anxiety is to make changes to their diet. The first things that patients need to stop consuming are things that contain a high amount of caffeine. Caffeine alters the chemical balance in the brain which in result can cause anxiety. Patients are also advised to stop consuming high-calorie and processed foods.
One thing that really helps with anxiety is getting proper exercise, rest and sleep. Exercise forces the brain and body to release chemicals that help in decreasing stress and anxiety. For sleep try to maintain a good sleeping routine, your doctor can be a great help in recommending your sleep hours as per your needs.
Does Anxiety Affect Everyday Life?
Anxiety can make anyone’s life miserable within no time. Most of the people suffering from anxiety shut themselves in their homes or rooms. They avoid making any social contact. As a result of this patients start suffering from depression and if it gets serious people can start having suicidal thoughts. Diagnosis and treatment should be done on a priority basis for anyone with symptoms of anxiety.