What is bronchitis?
Bronchitis is defined as the inflammation at the level of the bronchial tubes. The bronchial tubes are responsible for carrying the air to and fro from the lungs. Bronchitis could be subclassified into acute or chronic bronchitis. Depending upon the different symptoms, your doctor will diagnose you.
Symptoms for Acute and Chronic Cases
The symptoms for both the type of bronchitis are quite similar. You may feel difficulty in breathing, constant cough, fatigue, fever, and chills. You may also experience discolored sputum. In the case of acute bronchitis, the symptoms may last for only 10 days but may extend in chronic recurrent cases. Acute bronchitis looks more like the common flu and passes just like that.
When to visit a doctor?
You need to visit the doctor if the cough lasts more than three weeks or as soon as you develop shortness of breath or insomnia due to it. In case of severe symptoms like blood in sputum, or high-grade fever it is recommended to visit the emergency immediately.
Cause of bronchitis
Chronic bronchitis is mostly associated with cigarette smoking but it can also be caused by toxic gases, dust, air pollution in the surrounding environment. sometimes patients suffering from excessive depression can also suffer from bronchitis.
On the other hand, acute bronchitis is caused by viruses which is why any antibiotic doesn’t work against it and is not prescribed. Bronchitis can be caused by the same virus that causes common flu or influenza which is why the treatment is pretty similar.
How to prevent the occurrence?
The most common cause of chronic bronchitis is cigarette smoking, avoiding to smoke is the biggest prevention against it. Others include getting a yearly flu vaccine shot as the same virus that causes influenza may cause bronchitis. Washing your hand repeatedly during the day also helps.
How To Treat Bronchitis?
There is no such treatment of acute bronchitis as it resolves within a couple of weeks itself. Your doctor may give you medication for cough. In case of any reaction or anxiety attacks as a result of a side effect of medication, contact your doctor.