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What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia or chlamydia trachomatis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) which is caused by bacteria. It can infect both men and women. You might not know you have chlamydia because most of the patients don’t show any symptoms, such as genital pain or discharge. If it is left untreated it can lead to serious health problems. It can permanently damage a woman’s reproductive system, making it difficult or impossible for her to get pregnant. Or it may lead to an ectopic pregnancy which can be fatal.

How it is transmitted?

It is transmitted through vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has chlamydia. It can be transmitted through a pregnant woman to her baby. If you previously had chlamydia and were treated in the past, you can still get infected by having unprotected sex with someone who has chlamydia.


Early chlamydia trachomatis infection is usually asymptomatic. It often causes few or no signs. Common signs and symptoms of chlamydia trachomatis are,

  • Painful urination both in men and women
  • Vaginal discharge in women
  • Penis discharge in men
  • Testicular pain in men
  • Painful intercourse both in men and women
  • Bleeding after intercourse in women

Chlamydia can also infect rectum through anal sex. Which causes anal discharge, pain or bleeding.

It can also infect eye and cause conjunctivitis, if contacted by infected fluid.

Risk factors.

Have unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex

Have multiple sex partners

Being sexually active before age 25

History of sexually transmitted disease

When should you see a doctor?

  • If you have vaginal discharge, pain on urination or burning sensation
  • If you have penis discharge, pain on urination or burning sensation
  • If you have testicular pain
  • If your sexual partner is diagnosed with chlamydia.


Chlamydia can easily be prevented by following some simple rules. Try limiting the number of sexual partners reduces the risk of getting chlamydia. Using condoms. Condoms used properly during each sexual intercourse can reduce the chances of getting chlamydia. Regular screening. If you are sexually active then you should get screened regularly

Note: This is just basic information. Please consult a doctor as soon as possible in case there are any symptoms or doubts about chlamydia.