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What is fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia also called fibromyalgia syndrome is a condition that is characterized by long term musculoskeletal pain all over the body. Pain is also accompanied by extreme tiredness, fatigue, difficulty in sleeping, muscle stiffness, memory loss, problems with mental processes (also called as fibro fog), such as a problem with memory and concentration. Fibromyalgia amplifies the painful sensation by the way our brain process the pain signals. patients usually suffer from mild anxiety and depression due to constant pain. If the pain gets severe patients may be unable to sleep through the night and experience symptoms of insomnia.

Causes of fibromyalgia.

When you get injured the nerve signal travel from the injured site through the spinal cord to the brain and causes pain. and when it heals, the pain gets better. But if you have fibromyalgia, the pain occurs all over the body even if you are not sick or hurt and it does not go away. The main cause of fibromyalgia is unknown but it is thought to be associated with a high level of certain chemicals in the brain. The symptoms sometimes develop after psychological trauma. It can also be triggered by physical trauma such as a car accident. Surgery or certain infection can also trigger or aggravate the symptoms. Another disease such as arthritis raises the chances of getting fibromyalgia. Significant psychological stress can also gradually accumulate symptoms over a period of time. Women are more likely to develop fibromyalgia. Genetics also play an important role as fibromyalgia syndrome tends runs in families, so certain gene mutation may make you more susceptible to the disease.

Symptoms of fibromyalgia.

  • Increase sensitivity to pain.
  • Constant dull pain that has been lasted for at least three months
  • The pain must occur on both sides of the body as well as above and below the waist.
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Fatigues, extreme tiredness is one of the symptoms of the syndrome.
  • Sleep may often be disturbed by pain. Most patients with fibromyalgia syndrome may also complain of other sleep disorders like restless leg syndrome and sleep apnea.
  • Headaches
  • Problems with mental processes (also called fibrofog), such as a problem with memory and concentration.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Temporomandibular joint disorder
  • Interstitial cystitis or painful bladder syndrome


There is no cure for fibromyalgia, but there are treatments to reduce symptoms and make the condition easier to live with. Medication such as pain relievers, antidepressants, and anti-seizure drugs are helpful. Physical therapy and counseling are also required along with medications. Always consult a doctor before using any medication.