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Herpes

What is Herpes?

Herpes is an infectious disease caused by the virus named Herpes Simplex virus. The virus can affect the skin, mucosa, genitals or anus. It includes blisters, ulcers, and sores as symptoms. Herpes targeting the vagina may cause abnormal discharge.

Types of Herpes and their symptoms:

Herpes simplex virus is further divided into two types; one is called herpes type 1 or oral herpes and the other is called herpes type 2 or genital herpes. Many people do not develop any symptoms for many months or even years and maybe carrying the virus everywhere. People who develop symptoms also experience multiple recurrences which are more frequent in the start but get to decrease over time and are also less severe after multiple recurrences.

The symptoms can vary from primary infection to secondary. Primary infections are when people first get infected and they experience blisters, ulcerations, pain, itching, temperature, and malaise. The secondary or recurrent infection may have burning or tingling genitals, cold sores and red blisters.

Every symptom is important to observe as some require immediate doctor’s attention. If any of the symptoms persist for a longer time, you should also pursue a doctor for consultation.

Treatment:

Herpes is usually treated symptomatically without giving any proper antiviral as they are not much effective in treating the infection but only prevent the progression of the disease. The symptomatic treatment includes taking painkillers, applying petroleum jelly, avoid wearing skin-tight clothes, washing hands repeatedly and bathing in slightly salted warm water. Applying ice also seems effective for some people.

Prevention:

Genital herpes can be prevented from spreading through the use of condoms, not having multiple sexual partners, not having sexual intercourse while symptoms are present in the person. You can also get herpes from using public toilets exposed to the virus. Always clean the seat before use. Some people might experience that obesity, anxiety, insomnia or depression may trigger the return of the symptoms. Avoiding those symptoms is advised. Keeping good hygiene is also at the top of the list of things to do for prevention.