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Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that is found to be caused by four different bacterial species. Different species are known to be specific to different countries, for example, in the United States, Borrelia Burgdorfer, and Borrelia mayonii are known to cause the disease whereas, in Europe and Asia, Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii are causative agents. The disease is transmitted by the bite of an infected tick which is also called a deer tick. This illness caused by the tick is known as Lyme disease. 

What are Symptoms of Lyme Disease?

As soon as the person is bitten by the infected tick, a tiny reddish bump appears on the skin surface very similar to that of a mosquito bite. The time between 3 days to 30 days after being bitten can cause a rash to form which is red on peripheries but white in the center. It is not painful but is warmer than the rest of the skin. It is called erythema migrans and may increase in size to about 300 mm. Fever, chills, and body aches may also be a part of it.

If the person is left untreated he may develop the same rash over different parts of the body. After a while, he may start developing the joints pain as well. This is the sign of chronic inflammation of the joints which may start with the knees. If the infection is left untreated, after a few years it may start to develop inflammation of the membrane around the brain called meningitis. This is when the person may start to develop severe depression or sleeplessness due to its effects on the brain.

Rare symptoms:

  • Arrhythmia
  • Hepatitis
  • Fatigue
  • Inflammation of the eye

What Are Risk Factors of Lyme Disease?

  • Camping or vacationing in areas that are heavily wooded and grassed.
  • Kids spending a lot of time outdoors.
  • Wearing clothes that leave the body exposed
  • Not removing the ticks as soon as possible

What Are the Complications of Lyme Disease?

  • Inflammation of the joints known as Lyme arthritis
  • Neuropathy
  • Arrhythmia
  • Memory loss

How Can Lyme Disease Be Prevented?

  • Stay covered in camping areas
  • Apply insect repellents on exposed skin
  • Do not visit the places with tick
  • Keep your lawn and gardens clean of leaves
  • Shower after coming indoors
  • Remove the tick with the help of the tweezers