As per the stats of WHO (World Health Organization), there are almost 300 million all over the world who suffer from anxiety. While in the US there are around 40 million people who suffer from anxiety. The per capita average of people suffering from anxiety in the US is really high as compared to the global average.
What is Anxiety?
Anxiety in simple words is an emotion that almost everyone experiences. In simple words, it can be defined as a fear or worry about what will happen. Anxiety is pretty normal but it can turn into a mental health disorder if a person regularly suffers from high levels of anxiety.
How to Treat Anxiety?
Standard procedures for treating anxiety are therapy and medication. Therapeutic treatment is usually provided by licensed psychologists all over the US. Physiatrists usually treat anxiety with both therapy and medications. The most commonly prescribed medications for anxiety treatment are benzodiazepines such as Xanax (Alprazolam), Valium (Diazepam) and Ativan (Lorazepam).
Depression affects around 15-20 million people in the US every year. It is not only common in the US alone, globally there are millions of people suffering from depression. The main problem while coping with depression is that people don’t even know that they have a depressive disorder.
What is Depression?
Depression is a really common and serious mental health problem. As a health condition, it is termed as Major Depressive Disorder. Depression causes the person to feel sad and demotivated. People lose interest in things happening around us. In many cases, patients fully lose hope of living their lives, which can force them to have suicidal thoughts.
How to Treat Depression?
Depression treatment varies from person to person. It can be treated with therapy, medication and in some cases both. It is recommended that you should consult a psychologist and get therapeutic treatment. In case the treatment doesn’t have any improvement you will be referred to a psychiatrist who can provide medication for depression treatment.
Medications used for the treatment of depression are called antidepressants. Commonly used antidepressants are SSRI (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors) such as Celexa (Citalopram), Lexapro (Escitalopram), Paxil (Paroxetine), Zoloft (Sertraline) and Prozac (Fluoxetine).
As per rough estimates around 12-15% of children in the US suffer from ADHD. According to another estimate, 4-5% adult population of the US suffers from ADHD. The rate of diagnosis and treatment among children is really low, around 20-25%, while 80-85% of the adult patients get diagnosed and treated.
What is ADHD?
ADHD stands for (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). It is considered a mental disorder (neurodevelopmental disorder) that usually affects children. In most cases, it is diagnosed during childhood and people can suffer from it for years. In many cases children with ADHD suffer from it till their adulthood, this can make their lives miserable at times.
How to Treat ADHD?
ADHD is treated with therapy, medication or a combination of both. Therapy is provided by psychiatrists and medications are usually prescribed and monitored by a GP (General Physician). In most cases, therapy helps parents in changing their child’s and their own lifestyle and behavior to cope with ADHD. While in adults medications such as Adderall (Dextroamphetamine), Vyvanse (Lisdexamfetamine) and Ritalin (Methylphenidate).
Insomnia affects around 25-30% of the US population every year. In most cases, people recover without any treatment, but 25% of these people usually need treatment. Insomnia can cause many problems for people, usually, people are unable to live their normal daily lives due to poor sleep. The good thing is that insomnia can be treated easily once diagnosed properly.
What is Insomnia?
In simplest of words, insomnia is a disorder in which people have a hard time falling asleep or staying asleep. The duration of insomnia can be as low as a single night and can extend over months. Short term insomnia which usually lasts less than a week is termed as acute insomnia. In case it goes beyond a week, with a minimum of 3 nights a week for more than 3 months it is classified as chronic insomnia.
How to Treat Insomnia?
There are both medical and non-medical treatment options available for insomnia treatment. Non-medical treatments include therapy, relaxation training, stimulus control and CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy). Medically insomnia is treated with the help of sleep aids. These include OTC (Over The Counter) such as Benadryl (Diphenhydramine), Unisom (Doxylamine Succinate) and Melatonin. While Prescription Medications such as Ambien (Zolpidem), Restoril (Temazepam), Sonata (Zaleplon) and Lunesta (Eszopiclone).
It is estimated in 2019 around 4 million people all over the world suffered from narcolepsy. In the US, around 500,000 people suffer from narcolepsy but only 25% of these people get diagnosed and treated. The number of people suffering from narcolepsy is increasing every single day. Responsibility of this is usually laid upon the current lifestyle and habits that people have adopted.
What is Narcolepsy?
Narcolepsy is a neurological (mental health) disorder that causes excessive sleepiness. Patients are usually unable to wake up or fall asleep at any time. People suffering from Narcolepsy can also develop other conditions such as sleep paralysis and hallucinations. In rare cases, patients can experience cataplexy, a condition in which they lose control of their muscle movement.
How to Treat Narcolepsy?
There is no specific treatment for narcolepsy. Doctors usually check patients sleep history and perform different tests such as polysomnography and MSLT (multiple sleep latency test) to devise a treatment plan. In some cases, patients are advised to change their lifestyle and create a schedule in order to manage their sleep. If that doesn’t work doctors go for medications. Medications for narcolepsy include Stimulants such as Provigil (Modafinil) and Nuvigil (Armodafinil), SSRIs such as Prozac (Fluoxetine) and Effexor (Venlafaxine), or Tricyclic Antidepressants such as Vivacitil (Protriptyline) and Anafranil (Clomipramine). Patients suffering from cataplexy are usually given Xyrem (Sodium Oxybate).
As per the most recent studies, 150-180 million people in the US are considered obese. One-third of the adult population is categorized to be overweight and obese. While 8% of the overall adult population suffers from extreme obesity. On the other hand children of ages up to 19 years, 20% are overweight and obese. These numbers are really alarming and the problem is that this problem isn’t stopping, these numbers are rising exponentially over the years. This in return is making people suffer from other health conditions and lower quality of life.
What is Obesity?
Obesity is a health condition in which the body accumulates excess fat to an extent that starts adversely affecting a patient’s health and daily life. It not only makes a person look fat and but also causes many problems within the body. Health problems caused by obesity range from body aches, sore feet to heart diseases, high blood pressure, and diabetes and in some cases cancer. Obesity is usually calculated by BMI (Body Mass Index) which is calculated using a patient’s mass divided by the square of the weight (kg/m²).
How to Treat Obesity?
The best and healthiest option for treating obesity is by following a good diet plan and increasing physical activity. Diet plans are usually made by Dieticians according to a patient’s body. While for physical activities there are gyms and private trainers. There are many herbal supplements available in the market that increase the body’s metabolism to burn excessive fat. Some doctors might prescribe medications such as Xenical or Alli (Orlistat), Adipex (Phentermine), Saxenda (liraglutide), and Belviq (Lorcaserin Hydrochloride). Apart from this, there are surgical options also available for the removal of excess body fat.